The US Faces Avian Flu Crisis: Poultry Industry Struggles Amidst Bird Flu Outbreak

Visual Representation for avian flu testing | Credits: iStock
Visual Representation for avian flu testing | Credits: iStock

United States: The US poultry industry has been dealing with a lot of challenges due to outbreak of avian influenza, which is commonly known as bird flu. The authorities are concerned because the highly contagious disease has been impacting both producers and consumers.

The Avian Influenza Disease Virus (AIV)

The Avian Influenza ailment virus (AIV) pertains to the breed influenza virus type A, lineage Orthomyxoviridae, and the classification of Alphainfluenzavirus according to the International Committee of Viral Taxonomy. Formerly highly pathogenic occurrences of AI (HPAI) were considered to stem from flock exposure to a mildly pathogenic variant of AI (LPAI), and amidst the contamination process, the virus underwent mutation to the more detrimental HPAI variant, according to avinews.com.

The Avian Flu Predicament

Avian influenza, widely recognized as bird flu, has constituted a recurring apprehension for poultry cultivators universally. Nonetheless, the ongoing eruption, instigated in the early phase of 2022, has been especially severe in the United States. As per the US Department of Agriculture (USDA), almost 82 million birds, chiefly egg-laying chickens, have been euthanized across 47 states to forestall further dissemination of the virus. The repercussions have been catastrophic for cultivators, engendering substantial economic downturns and disturbances in the provision chain.

Egg Prices Ascend: Over 40 million egg-laying hens have been euthanized in the US, inducing egg prices nationwide to soar. Consumers have experienced the impact as they shell out higher sums for this indispensable protein source.

Unprecedented Turkey Meat Expenses: The prior “bird flu” eruption propelled the expense of turkey meat to unparalleled levels. Corporate poultry farms encountered prolonged intervals of inactivity, influencing production and availability, as per avinews.com.

Visual Representation | Credits: Getty Images

Termination of Brazilian Poultry Levies: In reaction to the quandary, China has eradicated levies on Brazilian poultry, conceivably affecting US poultry exports. The US poultry sector is intently monitoring these circumstances.

Scientific Ventures and Consumer Cognizance

Pathogen Mitigation Technology: USDA scientists have been laboring assiduously to devise technology that diminishes pathogens in undamaged eggs. This exploration endeavors to augment product integrity and shield consumers from ailments like Salmonella.

Consumer Safeguarding: The USDA has finalized an elective “Product of USA” insignia assertion for poultry goods. This inscription is intended to amplify consumer safeguarding by furnishing lucid enlightenment regarding the provenance of poultry goods.

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