TB cases surge by 19% in South Bay – Urgent warning issued for residents

Visual Representation | Credits: Shutterstock
Visual Representation | Credits: Shutterstock

United States: The South Bay region of Los Angeles County has been currently experiencing tuberculosis exposure as the cases have gone 19 percent up in 2023 compared to the previous year.

Following the hike, the Santa Clara County Public Health Department has issued a warning for the residents to seek testing as well as treatment. TB has now become a concern for the local health authorities.  

While addressing the concern, the agency highlighted, “These data do not reflect an outbreak, but rather a widely dispersed and increasing community health risk for a contagious illness,” as per CBS News.

The issue was addressed by the tuberculosis controller of the United States – Dr Ann Loeffler, who outlined that approximately 168 cases of TB were confirmed. Furthermore, in a briefing, Loeffler stated, “A significant number of community members, our neighbors, got sick and required intensive treatment.”

What official stats revealed?

The official data has revealed that approximately 170,000 people in Santa Clara County and 13 million people in the United States have bacteria that cause TB disease, while just five to ten percent of the people with the bacteria develop the disease.

Lung’s X-Ray showing tuberculosis

It is to be noted that if the disease is not treated, then it could be fatal. In this regard, Loeffler stated, “For the majority of people getting diagnosed with TB in Santa Clara County, it’s likely they had the bacteria that causes TB for many years and didn’t know it.”

Who is at risk of contracting TB?

According to the health officials, the disease could be developed among the people who were recently exposed and the children aged five years and below, as per the reports by CBS. Along with this, people with weak immune systems and those who smoke are also at risk of getting infected from tuberculosis.

Amid this hike, the county’s Public Health Department has urged the general public to undergo blood as well as skin tests to regularly check whether they are infected or safe.

Details on TB

Visual Representation for TB transmission | Credits: CDC

Health experts have mentioned that the most common mode of transmission for tuberculosis is air – by coughing, sneezing, and even speaking. The other person is infected when a healthy person inhales the airborne germs.

What are the symptoms?

It is noteworthy that many of the TB-infected people do not show any symptoms, and if left untreated, the infection could become fatal. However, the symptoms shown by an individual with active disease are:

  1. Cough that lasts three weeks or longer
  2. Pain in the chest
  3. Chills, fever, night sweats
  4. Weakness or fatigue
  5. Coughing up blood or mucus
  6. Loss of appetite
What’s your Reaction?
+1
0
+1
0
+1
0
+1
1
+1
0
+1
0